What You Need To Know About The Suspension System in Your Car
A car’s suspension is basically responsible for giving you that smooth ride, especially over bumps on the road. Without a proper suspension, your car would not absorb and dissipate the ups and downs of a car movement. In addition, it helps to offer better control of the vehicle. What makes a good car suspension and what are some precautions you should take when it comes to your car’s suspension system?
How is the Spring Rate Related to a Car’s Load?
The spring rate is the change exerted in the force over the deflection change of the spring. The heavier the load of a vehicle, the heavier the springs should be. For vehicles that experience more-than-normal heavy suspension loads, it is recommended to have hard springs with a spring rate close to the vehicle’s upper weight limit. Due to their spring rates, heavy vehicles feel uncomfortable when empty. As a result, luxury or passenger cars are fitted with soft springs instead for a much comfortable experience.
What Does the Suspension Have to Do With Weight Transfer?
Weight transfer on a car occurs during acceleration, braking or cornering. This change is affected by the distance between the wheel centers, the mass of the car, the amount of acceleration and the height of the center of the gravity. The speed of weight transfer is determined, among other things, by the spring rate. This weight transfer can either be termed as elastic or geometric, based on the type of suspension and compliant elements like springs and dampers.
Why Are Regular Suspension Checkups Important?
Your car’s suspension is vital for your car’s safety. It is responsible for your car’s handling since the tires are in direct contact with the road. When you brake or steer sharply, this part of the car comes into play and determines how well you handle those curves and how quickly the car responds. A poorly maintained suspension system usually results in faster and uneven tire wear, further compromising safety. When your car’s handling is easy, then you are more in control of the vehicle, which translates to a safer ride. Regular maintenance and auto repair of the car’s suspension is thus a requirement.
How Do you Diagnose Suspension Problems?
Troubleshooting suspension problems should be undertaken systematically. You can start by checking the mounting nuts and bolts to ensure they are all tight and in position. Check also how your car behaves while driving. Does it pull to one side? Do the wheels wander and wiggle? Does the car keep bouncing after you hit a bump? All these are further symptoms, and in some cases, it could mean more than just one issue with your suspension or other car systems.
Why Should Faulty Ball Joints Be Replaced Immediately?
Ball joints in a car’s suspension connect the steering knuckles to the control arms, forming a ball and socket which enables movement and steering. These components are prone to wear and tear which affects the wheel alignment producing a clunking sound when the car hits a bump. In addition, the car has excessive steer play and wanders from side to side. When the tear exceeds the manufacturer’s maximum allowable wear, it needs to be replaced. The greater the wear, the greater the replacement urgency on a vehicle.
Just like other components of a car, the suspension has increasingly become more sophisticated with the introduction of electronics. These electronically controlled suspensions allow variable control of the car without manual switching of valves. Some suspension systems even impact the behavior, control, and motion of the car in real time. Despite these highly advanced self-monitoring systems, it is always advisable to be on the look out to spot any anomaly and correct it as soon as possible.